In the modern world, the problems of the ecosystem are becoming more important with every single day. The environmental situation in the countries of Central Asia has been deteriorated not only by the influence of man-made factors, but also because of insufficient economic development and increased pressure on natural resources from extensive forms of economic activity. In turn, poverty, ineffective state and economic management greatly affects the environment: noticeable became excessive savings in treatment plants, the exploitation of outdated and inefficient equipment. In many cities and villages of Kyrgyzstan, there is an acute shortage of infrastructure: water pipes, sewerage, treatment facilities. More than that, there are no capacities for solid waste disposal.
Insufficient funding for the creation of drainage and irrigation systems results in salinization and soil erosion, including agricultural lands and pastures. Destruction of natural vegetation leads to increased seasonal fluctuations in water flow, soil erosion, their washing off and siltation of rivers and irrigation structures. As a result, floods and landslides are becoming more frequent and more destructive. The problem of preserving forests and nature reserves also remains acute. There is illegal logging which helps build and heat individual houses.
Consequently, the growth in energy consumption leads to an increasing strain on the environment. One of the effective ways to reduce the burden on nature is the widespread use of energy-saving and green technologies. Poverty, financial constraints and gaps in legislation prevent the active implementation of green technologies and the use of alternative / renewable energy sources that reduce the use of traditional energy resources.
Each local ecosystem is an inseparable part of the global system, and a sharp deterioration of the ecology in one local area leads to a deterioration of the ecosystem of the whole planet. The global ecosystem depends on the careful attitude of each person towards nature, communities and states, and all of us should feel responsibility for the preservation of the environment.
In frames of this component, we set the following tasks:
• training in energy saving and energy efficiency improvement of housing: building insulation, green building, eco house, use of energy saving devices, energy efficient furnaces, heat pumps, etc.
• Providing access to the use of alternative energy sources: biogas, solar collectors, solar panels, wind systems, mini hydropower plant.
• Access to environmentally-oriented technologies: composting, bio toilets, bio filters, treatment plants, etc.
• management of household waste: utilization, sorting, processing and processing.
• initiation and participation in social-partner and public-private projects in the field of environmental protection
• conducting training on environmental protection
• carrying out meetings for the conservation of flora and fauna.